While recovering from the damages caused by recent disasters, many regions of Turkey are experiencing exceptional drought. Drought can be defined as conditions with below-average precipitation. This also implies a “water deficit” based on the average water availability in a specific location and season. It can persist for days, months, or even years. In the central part of Turkey, there are serious concerns about drought due to the depletion of groundwater resources and low precipitation rates.
According to the drought map of the General Directorate of Meteorology (MGM), drought is experienced in various regions of Turkey. In fact, there has been a drastic decrease in precipitation, making it the hottest December in the past 52 years. Additionally, according to the monthly report by MGM, the rainfall in January 2023 was 33.2 mm, which is below the normal level. The report highlighted that precipitation levels were below normal in all regions, with the largest decrease of 74% in Southeastern Anatolia.
The absence of snow and rain throughout the winter has further worsened the situation. In many regions of Turkey, dam levels have dropped below the critical level. They reached a risky state and continued to decrease. Thus, this severe drought has been categorized as an “emergency” in many cities. According to international studies, Turkey is classified among the countries with the highest risk of drought by the year 2040 because the available water resources have decreased by 10% in the past two years.